The use of combined transport is to be promoted by means of various incentives, the aim of which is to support the competitiveness of CT and the economic viability of intermodal transport and thus reduce transport-related polluting emissions in the long term.
Germany as well as Austria and Switzerland have therefore established well-defined support systems to strengthen combined transport over the last decades and have continuously developed them further.
Subsequently, important information and documents concerning the promotion of combined transport in the DACH region are presented.
Promotion in Germany
Guideline for promotion of transshipment facilities for combined transport (KV Förderrichtlinie)
The Federal Government promotes the construction and expansion of transshipment facilities for combined transport as a non-repayable grant to investment expenditure. The aim is to develop infrastructure for the transshipment of goods to the more environmentally friendly modes of rail and inland waterways.
Promotion in Austria
Promotion of Interconnecting Railways (ASB) and terminals
"The BMK grants support according to the current guideline or the available means for the construction and expansion of connecting railway facilities as well as for the construction and expansion of transshipment facilities in intermodal transport (land/water-based mode combinations) in order to improve access to the railway and inland waterway systems.
Support for terminal facilities shall take the form of a grant or annuity grants towards eligible investment costs".
Support for the operation of combined transport
"In order to ensure a market adequate and high quality offer in combined transport and single wagonload transport, the current funding program supports in particular those forms of production (e.g. unaccompanied combined transport and accompanied combined transport) which have already provided a large portion of environmentally friendly rail freight services in Austria.
Promotion in Switzerland
To this end, various instruments are used in parallel, of which the following are the flanking measures of operational compensation and investments aids as support instruments for combined transport.
The support is based on the Freight Transport Act and the Freight Transport Ordinance in Switzerland.
Investment aid for the construction/expansion of transshipment facilities
"Private investors, operators and owners can submit an application for investment contributions to the federal government. Applicants bear at least 40% of the costs themselves. Special provisions are valid for CT transshipment facilities of national traffic political importance and facilities located abroad. The funding principles are regulated in the Freight Transport Act and are further explained in a guide for applications for investment grants".
Compensation for operation in combined transport
The Federation supports the shifting of crossing-Alps freight traffic with contributions to the operation. Those routes in unaccompanied combined transport (UCT) and in accompanied combined transport (rolling road, Rola) which cannot be operated on a cost-efficient basis are eligible.
Within the framework of an offer procedure, the Federation orders from some 30 combined transport providers of crossing-Alps connections from Italy or Tessin to Northern Switzerland, to Germany, France or the Benelux countries and pays operating fees for the services performed. (Text from)